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Full text of "Shipping Practice"

170

SHIPPING PRACTICE

Freight—contd.

definition of, 55

how calculated, 55, 56, 85

how earned, 23, 57

lien for, 57, 61

lump sum freight, 59

option of weight or measure-
ment, 4, 55

paid on space wasted, 13

paid "ton by ton/' 57

payable after delivery, 62

pledged under bond, 64

pro raia freight, 57

saving by packing, 12

voyage charter, for, 40
Frustration by delay, 53
Full and complete cargo, 50

GENERAL average—

account, 69

adjustment, 68, 69

average bond, 68

basis of calculation, 67

Carriage of Goods by Sea Act,
under, 37

charter-party clauses, 48

definitions, 66

deposit receipt, 68

essential features, 67

expenditure, 67

losses, 67

principle and origin, 66

York-Antwerp rules, 66,69,148
General lien, 62
Good faith, holder of letter of

indemnity, 24
Gross tonnage, 85
HIRE money—

charter-parties, for, 40

return of, 49
Hypothecation, letter of, 15

IMPROPER navigation, 18

shipowner's liability for, 34
Indemnity, letters of, 24
Inherent vice, carrier not liable

for, 21, 35

InsuniLcientpacldjigandmarks,35
In transitu, stoppage, 60, 64
Invoice,   consular,   for  bill   of

lading particulars, 14
JERQUE note, 102
KING'S or Queen's enemies-—

carrier not liable for acts of, 21

definition, 48
Knot, 109

LATENT defects, 35

Law of nag, 96
Lay days, 42,47,53
Laying up of vessels, 103
Letter of hypothecation, 15
Letter of indemnity, 24
Liability of shipowner —

increased by "through"  bill
of lading, 39

limitation of, 17, 49

restricted by—

Carriage of Goods by Sea

Act, 33, 37, 39
terms of contract, 21

shipowner's exemptions, 45, 47

wrong tallies, for, 3
Liens—

clausesincharter-parties, 47,49

compulsory sale, 63

crew's lien for wages, 75

definition, *61

delivery of cargo loses, 57

genera], 62

goods for freight, on, 57

maritime, 61, 64, 65, 75

not    exercised    on   advance
freight, 62

perishable goods, 62

possessory and common law,

57. 6l

shipping agent's lien, 64

under bonds, 64

when and how enforceable, 61
Life-saving apparatus, 86
Light dues, payable on ship, 101,

102
Live animate—

Carriage of Goods by Sea Act,
outside, 30

disease of, 31
Lloyd's register of shipping—

classification, 87, 92

loadlines, 84, 93

origin, 87

Register book explanation, 89

removal from class, 92, 93
Loading broker, 6
Loading of cargo, 30
Loadline, 83, 84

certificate, 85, 99
Logs-
entries in, 100

necessary papers, 99
Loss of goods—

Carriage of Goods by Sea Act,
under, 32

fire, by, 17, 34                   [17

robbery or embezzlement, by,